NEET Chemistry syllabus 2023 – Chapter-wise

NEET Chemistry 2023 syllabus is divided according to the chapters. The candidates must prepare specific topics of the chapters from class 11th and 12th Chemistry for their preparation. The list of topics according to the chapters are listed below:

Class 11th chapter-wise NEET Chemistry syllabus

Unit 1 – Some basic concepts of Chemistry
General Introduction – Importance and Scope of chemistry Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass, stoichiometry

Unit 2 – Structure of Atom
Atomic number, isotopes and isobars, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, shapes of s,p, and d orbitals, Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms

Unit 3 – Classification of elements and periodicity in properties
Modern periodic law and long term form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements

Unit 4 – Chemical Bonding and molecular structure
Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, hydrogen bond

Unit 5 – States of matter – Gases and Liquids
Three states of matter, Boyle’s law, Charle’s Law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases, Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds(elementary idea) Liquid state – Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension

Unit 6 – Thermodynamics
First law of thermodynamics, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of: bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity. Third law of thermodynamics

Unit 7 – Equilibrium
Equilibrium in Physical and chemical processes, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium, hydrolysis of salts, buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect

Unit 8 – Redox reactions
Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number

Unit 9 – Hydrogen
Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen, hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation

Unit 10 – s-Block elements(Alkali and alkaline earth metals)
Group 1 and group 2 elements: Electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, preparation and properties of some important compounds Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate, industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca

Unit 11 – Some p-block elements
General introduction to p-Block elements Group 13 elements: Electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation of states, trends in chemical reactivity, important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides, aluminium General 14 elements: Electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation of states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element, carbon Important compounds of silicon

Unit 12 – Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques
Methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds, electronic displacements in a covalent bond, homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond

Unit 13 – Hydrocarbons
Alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, aromatic hydrocarbons

Unit 14 – Environmental Chemistry
Environmental pollution – Air, water and soil pollution

Class 12th chapter-wise NEET Chemistry syllabus

Unit 1 – Solid state
Classification of solids based on different binding forces; band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators

Unit 2 – Solutions
Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, the solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties

Unit 3 – Electrochemistry
Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion

Unit 4 – Chemical Kinetics
Rate of a reaction(average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, activation energy, Arrhenius equation

Unit 5 – Surface Chemistry
Adsorption, distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophilic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions

Unit 6 – General principles and processes of isolation of elements
Principles and methods of extraction – concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic methods and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron

Unit 7 – p-Block elements
Group 15 elements, Group 16 elements, Group 17 elements, Group 18 elements

Unit 8 – d and f Block elements
General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals, preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4, lanthanide, actinides

Unit 9 – Coordination Compounds
Coordination compounds – Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds

Unit 10 – Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Haloalkanes, haloarenes, dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT - Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties

Unit 11 – Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
Alcohols – Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol, phenol, ethers

Unit 12 – Aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids
Aldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acids - Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties

Unit 13 – Organic compounds containing Nitrogen
Amines – nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines, cyanides and isocyanides, diazonium salts

Unit 14 – Biomolecules
Carbohydrates – Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance, proteins, hormones, vitamins, nucleic acids – DNA and RNA

Unit 15 – Polymers
Classification – natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, Bakelite; rubber, biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers
 

Unit 16 – Chemistry in Everyday life
Chemicals in medicines, chemicals in food – preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants, cleansing agents